Drain tiling dates back thousands of years, but it was not until mid-1830s when John Johnston applied clay tiles in his farm that they became integral in construction. Today, you can solve your basement flooding problems by applying this ingenious age-old technique using a professional contractor.
Drain Tiles in Brief
Drain tiles ensure your foundation walls remain intact. They also relieve your home from adverse effects of flood water. A drain tile is basically a perforated pipe beneath your yard which carries water to an outlet away from the basement.
Here are the crucial steps used by contractors to set up drain tiles in your compound:
- Site assessment to identify the best location of the water outlet. If there is no outlet, the drain water will be directed to a sump pit for pumping to another location.
- Excavation of a trench where the drain will lie next to your foundation bottom of your structure. A rough slope is created to quickly drive water from the walls. Here, technical expertise of a contractor comes in handy to determine a sufficient slope.
- After shaping the trench, filter fabric, such as gravel or landscape clothing, is laid at the bottom and up the sides to sufficiently wrap around the drain tile. This filter media is critical as it affords water easy access to the perforated pipe for draining.
- The perforated pipe is laid carefully and centered with the perforations oriented horizontally. Again, the expertise of a contractor comes in handy because a poorly laid drain can lead to a soggy yard leading to basement flooding.
- Before filling the trench, testing is done to ensure the slope intended is maintained. Leveling equipment is crucial and your contractor will have them handy for this part of the project.
- The drain tile is covered using a filter most preferably coarse gravel or river rock. The idea here is to give the easiest path of resistance to flood water through the filter media into the perforated drain tile.
- If you are building a new house, a drain tile should be laid immediately the footer forms are removed. The drain should then be covered with gravel to a flush level with the footer top. This is easier than waiting till the foundation is laid as there will be less room then.
Well, you have to agree this is not your ordinary DIY project; a contractor has the tools, expertise and exposure to lay the drain tile in way that it lasts a lifetime. Why take chances with your largest investment?